Kolabtree, in collaboration with an international social science research team (details below), aimed to explore how independent scientists experience their work. The study measures the satisfaction levels, challenges and level of optimism held by scientists about the future of freelancing, while also investigating the role of socio-economic factors.
Brianna Caza, University of Manitoba and University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Erin Reid, McMaster University
Sue Ashford, University of Michigan
Steve Granger, University of Calgary
The key findings from the survey are summarized in the infographic below.
Who took the survey?
Approximately 542 individuals who worked through Kolabtree fully completed an online survey
that asked about their experiences of their work. Of the 542, 478 reported that they were
currently actively engaging in independent scientist work, and completed the entire survey. Respondents had been working independently for an average of 4.52 years.
49% of respondents had earned doctoral degrees
Kolabtree respondents were highly educated, and worked in a variety of industries
including pharmaceuticals, food science, medical science, biology, and psychology.
- 71% percent had at least some graduate training
- 49% had earned doctoral degrees.
Approximately 54% took on gig work only in their area of specialization, 4%
completed gig work outside their area of specialization, and 42% said their
independent work was a mix of gigs both inside and outside of their specialization.
51.4% of respondents sourced the majority of their independent work through Kolabtree
Results at a glance
79% of respondents said working independently was a choice
The majority of independent scientists said that they freelance or consult out of choice. Kolabtree respondents worked in a variety of industries including pharmaceuticals, food science, medical science, biology, and psychology.
73% of scientists said that they turn to freelancing to have the ability to work across geographical boundaries
The majority of scientists cited freedom to work across geographical boundaries as a prime reason for their reason to freelance. Experts were distributed across the globe, but the majority were from North America and Europe.
Flexibility and control remain top reasons to choose independent work
Unsurprisingly, most scientists cited flexibility and freedom to choose their projects when asked about the major benefits of independent work. Issues of discretion and control seemed to be the primary motivating factors.
- 90% of respondents rated greater flexibility as highly important
- 85% felt the ability to choose which projects they worked on was also
important to their decision to work independently
- 58% said that control over one’s income was an important factor driving their willingness to engage in independent work
56% of respondents were optimistic about the future of freelancing for scientists
When asked how optimistic they feel about the future of freelancing for scientists, slightly more
than half indicated that they were with 56% of respondents assessing their optimism as a 4 or 5
on 5-point scale. Approximately 27% of the gig workers reported that they planned to make the switch from a traditional career to full-time freelance work, while 12.3% did not, and 21% were unsure if they would make the switch.
Main challenges of independent work
The two major challenges faced by the majority of independent scientists were career path uncertainty and financial instability. This was closely followed by intellectual loneliness. The extent to which workers felt this challenges is associated with less work meaningfulness and less thriving.
Individuals who reported higher levels of cognitive flexibility and tolerance for ambiguity perceived these challenges to a lesser extent. This suggests that developing these individual level attributes are likely important for independent workers’ ability to handle the stressors of independent work.
Reported level of income
- 37% of respondents earned between $35,000 and $100,000
- 35% earned than $20,000 per year
- 16% earned $20,000 and $34,999
- 8% earned over $100,000.
Approximately 17% of respondents said that they earned more in their freelance work than they had previously in a traditional role, 12% earned about the same, 39% earned less than they did in a traditional role.
Proportion of income earned from independent work
- 27% workers reported that the earned all of their income from independent work
- An additional 273 (50%) reported earning some of their income from independent work
- 22% did not report the percentage of income earned from independent work.
Reported level of thriving
Generally speaking, the majority of the sample seemed to be doing quite well. In fact, the sample
as a whole indicated that they were thriving, demonstrating high levels of both perceived vitality
and learning at work.
Also surprisingly,income did not seem to impact reported level of thriving. In fact, the 167 respondents who
reported earning less than $20,000 a year reported almost the exact same level of thriving (emotional stability, level of energy) as did those making over $150,000 a year.
Overall, we found that the independent scientists in our sample were doing quite well, had
chosen this style of working, were optimistic about the future and felt that they were thriving.
However, our survey also revealed that scientists experience the lack of career security,
financially predictability and intellectual loneliness as challenging. Their experience of these
challenges is shaped by psychological factors, such as their levels of cognitive flexibility and
tolerance for ambiguity.
About the research
These findings are from the initial part of a longer research study being conducted by Brianna’s team. The research group is continuing to study the challenges that independent scientists face, and the factors (socioeconomic, job characteristics, individual characteristics) that impact their experience, and their responses to these challenges. The study will also aim to better understand what individual practices help
to mitigate the effects of independent work challenges on worker outcomes.
Impact of COVID-19
Subsequent results will explore the impact of the pandemic on remote/independent working for scientists and researchers. Of this research, Brianna says the team’s interest is in “identifying the psychological, behavioral, and social factors that help independent scientists to bounce back from setbacks and thrive amidst the challenges of independent work.”
Celebrating Scientists and Researchers Worldwide: #ThankYouScientists
Kolabtree currently comprises over 15,000 freelance scientists across 175 countries. We’ve helped businesses across industries such as food, healthcare, medical device, academia and technology access experts on demand.
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